The theory and practice of Traditional Chinese Medicine

Basic Characteristics of Traditional Chinese Medicine

1. The Concept of the Organism as a Whole
The term "organic whole" means the unity of the human body and its surroundings. The human body is an organic whole itself and has close relations with its external surroundings. TCM is based on this relationship. This unity between the two is known as an organic whole.
a. The Unity Within the Body
Viscera, bowels, tissues, and other organs make up the human body. Each has their own physiological functions, which make up the life process of the body. The different functions are all related, supplementary, and conditional to each other, and therefore are unified with each other. These relationships are shared between the main five viscera through channels and collaterals: the heart, liver, spleen, lung, and kidney
b. The Unity Between Body and Nature
As man lives in nature, he is influenced by the changes in nature. For example, as the climate changes within the four seasons, the normal pulse conditions change as well. With this fact, doctors have been able to relate certain diseases with the seasons. For example, epidemic febrile diseases are more likely to occur in the spring. People do physical exercises in order to avoid seasonal diseases.TCM physicians have also observed relationships between diseases and the time of the day. Diseases may become milder or more severe depending on the whether it is early morning, late afternoon, or night. There are diseases that are mild in the morning and get worse by night. This is because the body has more vital energy, which overcomes the pathogenic factors. By nighttime, the body returns the vital energy to the organs, leaving the pathogenic factors to get stronger. There have been findings that show human pulse conditions, temperature, the amount of oxygen taken in, carbon-dioxide releases and the amount of hormone secreted have a pattern during the 24 hours of the day.The theory of the circulation of Qi characteristics of TCM tells us that periodic changes of the climate, which come every 12 or 60 years, have an effect on the pathogenesis of the human body. In the cycle of sunspots, the radiation of sunlight effects the magnetic field, which in turn effects the physiology and pathology of the human body.TCM believes that different geographical locations bring different effects on the human body. People living at a high altitude tend to live long lives, which may be due to the concentration of hydrogen anions at high altitudes.
c. The Guiding Function of the Concept of the Organism as a Whole
The concept of the human body as a whole and its relationship with nature gives TCM the basis for its development of medical methods of treating diseases. This lead to the belief that the appearance of the tongue can determine the health of the heart. A pale tongue indicates blood deficiency in the heart and a purple tongue shows blood stagnation of the heart. With this method, the key pathogenesis is determined. Acupuncture is another example of methods of treating diseases based on the theories of TCM. Points and time for acupuncture are determined according to the relationship between channels, pulse, vital energy, and blood of the human on two sides. Time is also an important factor when taking herbal medicines. For example, Ten Jujube Decoction (Shi Zao Tang) is best when taken in the morning on an empty stomach, and insulin is best when taken at 4 p.m. There are reasons why the human body has such a precise time rhythm and regularity. Scholars have found that the human body has adapted and accustomed itself to the earth’s rotation, which occur every 24 hours. It has been proved that the nucleus suprachiasmaticus (SCH), epiphysis, pituitary bodies, and adrenal gland are structures that control the time rhythm and regularity. This shows that the concept of Tian Ren Xiang Ying (or the relevant adaptation of the human body to natural environment in TCM) has a scientific backing.
2. Diagnosis and Treatment Based on an Overall Analysis of Signs and Symptoms
The four methods of diagnosis of TCM, which are observation, listening, smelling, inquiring, pulse feeling and palpation, allow us to determine relevant information, signs, and symptoms. The analyzing of these findings is called "Bian Zheng". Determining the corresponding therapeutic method according the conclusion of the data received is called "Shi Zhi."TCM physicians do not focus on the actual disease itself but rather the symptoms of the disease. Same symptoms are usually treated in similar ways. Some types of the cold are caused by wind and cold, which calls for strong sudorific drugs pungent in taste and warm in property, whereas some colds are caused by wind and heat and should be treated with mild diaphoretics that are pungent in taste and cool in property. This method is referred to as treating the same diseases with different methods. Sometimes different diseases have similar syndromes and are treated similarly. This is called treating different diseases with the same method.Colleges of medicine and scientific research institutes are recognizing the essence of "Zheng", or the syndrome. They believe that "Zheng" is an extensive manifestation of the disorderly relations within the human body. Further development of this method would contribute to the advancement of modern natural sciences.
3. The Formation of the Theory of Yin and Yang
According to the theory, Yin and yang exists in all things. At first, Yin meant a place not having exposure to the sun, and yang described a place that had exposure to the sun. Now, Yin and yang represent two components that oppose each other. Their interactions and plays against each other promote the occurrence, development, and transformation of things. They are used in reasoning things out while analyzing the things that occur in the world. It is believed, according to the Dao (the basic law in the natural world) that all things carry the two components of Yin and yang.The theory of Yin and yang has an impact on the science of TCM, as it has promoted the development of the theoretical system of TCM.
4. The Content of the Theory of Yin and Yang
The five main components with the theory of Yin and yang are opposition, interdependence, relative waxing and waning, and transformation.
a. Opposition and Interdependence of Yin and Yang
Opposition refers to the idea that all things in the natural world contain two opposite components. The heaven is considered yang and earth is Yin; outside is yang and inside is Yin; day is yang and night in Yin; heat is Yang and cold is Yin.Not only to they oppose each other, but Yin and Yang also depend on each other. Without the other, neither can exist. For example without outside, there would be no such thing as inside. This relationship of coexistence is referred to as interdependence. TCM holds that "functional movement" belongs to Yang, and "nourishing substance" is Yin. For example, if "nourishing substance" cannot be digested through "functional movement" of the kidneys, the kidneys would cease to move if "nourishing substance" is not provided.
b. The Waxing and Waning of Yin and Yang and the Transformation Between Yin and Yang
The opposition and interdependence of Yin and Yang help to explain the waxing and waning of the two. For example, while Yin wanes, Yang waxes, and vice versa. The changing of the seasons is a good example. The weather gets warm when winter gives way to spring, and hot when spring gives way to summer. These are times when Yin wanes and Yang waxes. However, the change between autumn and summer bring colder weather, which means Yin waxes and Yang wanes.The transformation of Yin and Yang occur under certain conditions. For example, a patient suffering from a disease has a high fever, has a red complexion, and has a rapid pulse condition. All of a sudden, he feels calmer, his face is pale, and his pulse is almost cut off. This is an example of transformation between Yin and Yang.The general rule in finding out if something is Yin or Yang is if something is excited, hot, moving, strong, bright, invisible, light, clear, upwards, and outwards it is characterized as Yang. All that are waning, restricted, cold, weak, dark, visible, heavy, downwards, and inwards are characterized by Yin. Yin and Yang property of things is not absolute, but relative, because of the intertransformation between Yin and Yang where Yin may transform into Yang and vice versa. Either characteristic of Yin or Yang can be divided into another pair of Yin and Yang. For example, day is characterized as Yang, but the period from dawn till noon is the Yang aspect of Yang, and the period from noon till dusk is the Yin aspect of Yang.
5. Uses of the Theory of Yin and Yang in TCM
Yin and Yang provided the basis for every aspect of TCM. It helps explain the structure of the human body and also helps to find diagnosis and treatment.
a. Using Yin and Yang to Explain the Tissues and Structures of the Human Body
The oppositeness and unity between Yin and Yang helps us understand the human body. The upper part of the body is described as Yang, while the lower part is described as Yin. When referring to the internal organs, the five viscera (heart, liver, spleen, lung and kidney) are Yin, because their function of preserving vital substances is stable. The six bowel organs (gallbladder, stomach, large intestine, small intestine, urinary bladder, and triple warmer) are Yang because their function of transmitting and digesting water and food make them active. The five viscera can be split up, making the heart and lung Yang because they are higher, Following this guideline will help to distinguish whether an organ is Yin or Yang: the function is Yang, while the substance is Yin; for channels and collaterals, the channels can be divided into Yin channels and Yang channels, the collaterals may also be divided into Yin and Yang collaterals; for the twelve channels, there are three Yang channels of the hand, three Yin channels of the hand, three Yang channels of the foot, and three Yin channels of the foot; for vital energy and blood, vital energy or Qi is Yang while blood is Yin.
b. Using Yin and Yang to Explain the Physiological Function of the Human Body
The coordinate, opposite, and unitedness of Yin (substance) and Yang (function) are what determines the physiological functions of the body. Yin and Yang are always is a state of balance. Without substance like blood, energy, and body fluid, there would be no source for functions. Yin and Yang must aid each other in order for life to continue. In TCM, "the divorce of Yin and Yang means the end of one’s death.
c. Using Yin and Yang to Explain the Pathological Changes of the Human Body
The imbalance of Yin and Yang lead to a disease. For example, dominance of Yang may lead to hyperfunction and heat manifestations. Dominance of Yin may lead to hypofunction or endogenous cold. Deficiency of each may also lead to different diseases. When one dominates over the other, both are involved and end up getting damaged. In this way, someone with hypofunction (a disease brought on by too much Yin) may have symptoms of hyperfunction (a disease brought on by too much Yang).
d. Using Yin and Yang to Diagnose and Treat Diseases
The knowledge that diseases are brought on by the imbalance on Yin and Yang gives doctors the ability to diagnose and treat that disease. The first step is to determine whether a disease is Yin or Yang. This can be accomplished by looking at the patient’s complexion. Bright patients have a Yang disease while a dark and gloomy complexion shows signs of a Yin disease. Another method is to listen to the patient’s voice. A loud and clear voice has a Yang characteristic while a low and weak voice has a Yin characteristic. Inquiring may also determine the type of disease. Those who have a fever, are thirsty, have constipation, and have a rapid pulse have characteristics of a Yang disease. Those who have a cold, do not feel thirsty, have loose stools, and have a slow pulse have characteristics of a Yin disease. Feeling the patient’s pulse is another method. Pulses that are floating, rapid, large, and slippery are of Yang characteristic. Pulses that are deep, slow, small, and rough are of Yin characteristic.The dominance of Yang leads to a Yang disease called asthenic heat syndrome. This can be cured with drugs of cold nature. The dominance of Yin leads to a Yin disease called cold-asthenia syndrome. Drugs of warming nature will treat it.Deficiency of Yang is called deficiency-cold syndrome. Drugs of warm and invigorating nature will treat it. Deficiency of Yin is called asthenic heat syndrome. Drugs or nourishing Yin will treat it. Since the deficiency of one can damage the other, both the Yin and Yang of the human body must be replenished. Vital essence (Yin) should be restored as well as vital function (Yang).TCM’s method of deciding which herbs to use in the treatment of disease comes from knowledge of the property, flavor, and function of different Chinese herbs. Herbs with sour, bitter, and salty tastes belong to Yin, while herbs with pungent, sweet, and bland tastes belong to Yang. Herbs with astringent and subsiding function belong to Yin, while herbs with dispersing, ascending and floating function belong to Yang. Diagnosis is based on whether the Yin or Yang dominates within a human body, or whether the Yin or Yang is weakened.
1. The Formation of the Theory of Five Elements
The five elements are wood, fire, earth, metal, and water. In the beginning, the Chinese only knew that the five elements were indispensable things for daily life. Afterwards, they learned the properties of the five elements and their relationship with each other, which gave an understanding the world. They are set at a constant motion of change, leading to the theory of the five elements or the doctrine of the five evolutive phases.
2. The Content of the Theory of Five Elements
a. Attribution of Thing in Light of the Theory of Five Elements
Viscera, bowels, tissues, and other organs make up the human body. Each has their own physiological functions, which make up the life process of the body. The different functions are all related, supplementary, and conditional to each other, and therefore are unified with each other. These relationships are shared between the main five viscera through channels and collaterals: the heart, liver, spleen, lung, and kidney
b. Generation, Restriction, Subjugation and Reverse Restriction Among the Five Elements
Within the five elements, there exists the relationships of generation, restriction, subjugate, and reverse restriction.Generation can be explained as follows: wood generates fire, fire generates earth, earth generates metal, metal generates water, and water generates wood. In a relationship, one is the generator, and the other is being generated. The generator is referred to as the mother, and the element being generated is referred to as the son. Wood is the mother of fire and also the son of water.Restriction can be explained as follows: wood restricts earth, earth restricts water, water restricts fire, fire restricts metal, and metal restricts wood.Generation and restriction are very important to the five elements. Without generation, there would be no birth. Without restriction, elements would grow excessively. Generation and restriction oppose each other yet depend on each other, creating a balance.With excessiveness of the five elements comes subjugation and reverse restriction.Subjugation means when one element overpowers another, making it weak. For example, if wood is in excess, metal, which normally would restrict wood, cannot restrict it, and wood would restrict over earth, making earth weak.Reverse restriction means when one element is in excess and has the ability to overpower an element that normally would restrict the one in power. For example, wood in excess would make metal have the inability to restrict it, and wood would then be able to restrict metal, making it a reverse restriction. The relationships in reverse restriction are the opposite of the relationships in normal restriction. Reverse restriction is harmful.
3. The Application of the Theory of Five Elements in TCM
The theory of five elements is used to explain the physiology and pathology of the human body and to find diagnosis and treatment.
a. Explaining the Correlation between the Five Viscera
The generation relationships found within the five elements also apply to their corresponding viscera. The vital essence of the kidney (water) nourishes the liver (wood). The heart is similar to fire, the spleen is similar to earth, and the lung is similar to metal.The same correspondence between the five elements and the five viscera can be found in restriction. For example, the lung (metal) extends and restrains the liver (wood). The spleen (earth) transports, distributes, and transforms nutrients and may prevent the overflow of water of the kidney.
b. Expounding Pathological Influence between the Five Viscera
Pathology of the human body can be explained through the five elements. Subjugation and reverse restriction leads to harm. When there is lung trouble due to heart trouble, it is described as fire subjugating metal. If the lung trouble is due to liver trouble, then it is called wood reversely restricting metal. If it is due to kidney trouble, it is called an illness of a son organ involving the mother organ.
c. Diagnosing and Treating Diseases
The five elements not only relate to the five viscera but to colors (blue, red, yellow, white and black), voices (shouting, laughing, singing, crying, and moaning), five kinds of flavors (sour, bitter, sweet, acrid, and salty), and different pulse conditions. When diagnosing through observation, listening and smelling, inquiring, pulse feeling and palpation, the five elements comes in. For example, a person with a blue face and that prefers sour food may have liver disease. The person is blue because the wood (liver) subjugated earth (spleen).For treatment, the health of the other viscera should be considered. According to the theory of five elements, when liver disease occurs, it may spread to the spleen, and so the Qi of the spleen should be replenished before it is harmed. If hypofunction is found in the son organ, the mother organ should be tonified.In acupuncture and moxibustion, the points are found through the theory of five elements. They are chosen according to the law of generation, restriction, subjugation, and reverse restriction.The theory of Yin and Yang is applied to two opposing components within one thing using the relations of opposition, interdependence, waxing and waning, and transformation. The theory of the five elements is applied to wood, fire, earth, water, and metal and their corresponding things using the laws of generation, restriction, subjugation, and reverse restriction. Both theories are often combined.C. The Theory of Viscera and Bowels
1. Five Viscera (Zang-organ)
a. The Heart (and the Pericardium)
The heart is located in the chest to the left. It is believed in TCM that the heart is the most important organ and controls the other viscera and bowels. The heart is divided into Yin and Yang. The Yin refers to the blood controlled by the heart. The Yang refers to the actual function, the heat, and Qi of the heart. The main functions of the heart are controlling blood circulation, taking charge of mental activities, sweat as the fluid of the heart, and having relations with the tongue and face.
- Controlling Blood Circulation
Blood vessels are the tubes in which blood is able to flow. They are linked to the heart, creating a closed system. TCM says that it is the Qi of the heart that keeps it beating and sending blood through blood vessels. When the Qi is sufficient, the heart can keep a normal rate and strength. The pulse of the heart tells you if the Qi is sufficient or not and whether or not the blood of the heart is sufficient. A weak and empty pulse shows deficiency of the Qi of the heart. A fine and weak pulse shows deficiency of the blood of the heart. A rough and rhythmical pulse shows decline of the blood of the heart.
- Taking charge of Mental Activities
TCM believes nervous activities like thinking depend on the functions of the heart. When the functions of the heart are normal, the person will have a healthy consciousness and healthy mental activities. Abnormalities, like insanity, may be brought on my insufficiency of blood. Treatment is found through an analysis of the heart condition.
- Sweat as the Fluid of the Heart
Body fluid is the most important component of the blood and sweat comes from body fluid. TCM says that profuse sweating means the heart is using a lot of blood and Qi, which may result in palpitations and violent beatings of the heart. Too much sweating hurts the Yang of the heart, and a lot of body fluid is lost. Those who have a lack of Yin in the heart are likely to sweat at night.
- Having Relations with the Tongue and Face
TCM believes that the condition of the heart can be represented on the tongue and the face. Because the face has a lot of blood vessels, the face can show the condition of the heart. A bright and red face and tongue shows that the heart is functioning well. The face and tongue and pale and white if the heart is not functioning well. Stagnation of the heart can be represented in a face that is blue and a dark purple tongue. The hair can also show the health of the heart. Healthy hair shows a healthy heart.
- Pericardium
The pericardium is the protective tissue of the heart. External pathogenic factors, like a high fever, coma, and a red tongue mostly effect the pericardium before they effect the heart.b. The Lung The lungs are made up of two lobes and are located in the chest. It connects to the larynx, bronchi, and trachea. It has an opening in the nose. The lung is divided into the Yin of the lung (the material structure) and the Qi of the lung (the functions of the lung). The term "Yang of the lung" is rarely used.
- Taking Charge of Qi
The lungs exchange air between the interior and the exterior of the body. Exchanging carbon dioxide for oxygen enables the metabolism of the body to function smoothly. If the lungs are harmed by external pathogenic factors, breathing becomes difficult. - Operating the Qi of the Whole Body The lungs are responsible for the forming of "zong Qi" or pectoral energy. Inhaled air and food mix and accumulate in the chest to form zong Qi. Zong Qi leaves from the larynx and promotes the lung’s respiratory activities. It spreads through the body through heart channels and warms the viscera, bowels and tissues.The lungs control the ascending and the descending of the Qi of the body. If the lungs are not functioning properly, the ascending and descending of the Qi of the body is effected, and is shown in shortness of breath, tiredness, quiet voice, and drowsiness.
- Activating the flow of Qi, food essence and body fluid, clearing the inspired air and keeping it flowing downward and helping maintain normal water metabolism
The lung has the ability to activate the flow of Qi, food, and body fluid. This means that the lungs spread Qi, food, and body fluid throughout the body to nourish the body, warm the muscles, and nourish the skin and hair. When the lungs are not functioning well and are not cleaning the air taken in, the Qi of the lungs cannot spread throughout the body, and this shows in coughing, asthma, and a stuffy sensation in the chest. If the lungs are functioning properly, it is also able to spread water to the kidney and urinary bladder, thus smoothing the metabolism of water. If water does not go smoothly to the kidney and urinary bladder, it results in dysuria, edema, and phlegm-retention diseases.The lungs have two functions of dispersing and descending that oppose and support each other. If the lungs cannot disperse, then the lungs cannot descend and vice versa. This relationship keeps normal airflow and Qi of the lungs. If this relationship is not functioning well, it shows in coughing, asthmatic breathing, stuffiness in the chest, and hypochondria distension. - Being associated with the Skin and Hair The lungs supply the skin and hair with body fluid they need in order to stay moist and bright. When the skin is healthy, it can defend the body from outside pathogenic factors. If the skin is not healthy, it results in profuse sweating and vulnerability to the common cold.The nose is the opening to the lungs. It depends on the Qi of the lungs to keep breathing easy and to have a better sense of smell. When the lungs are not functioning well, the nose may be blocked, have watery discharge, or have hyposmia. The nose is also the opening for with bacteria can invade the lungs. Diseases like epidemic febrile pathogenic factors attack the lungs through the nose.
- Being a Delicate Organ leading up to the Larynx
The lung is very vulnerable to external air. When the lungs are harmed, the larynx is effected because both organs are connected to each other. Enough Qi results in a loud voice, while deficiency in Qi produces a low voice. Deficiency of Yin in the lung results in a hoarse voice and may even result in aphonia.
- The Spleen
TCM’s ideas of the spleen are different from that of western medicine. TCM says that the spleen is located in the middle portion of the body cavity and is the main organ of the digestive system. The spleen is divided into Yin (the material structure) and Yang (the function and heat). Qi of the spleen is the functions of the spleen. The spleen’s functions are transporting, distributing, and transforming nutrients, keeping blood circulating within the vessels, and having relationships with the muscles, limbs, and lips.
- Transporting, Distributing, and Transforming Nutrients
TCM states that after going through the stomach, the stomach and the spleen digest food, and then it travels through the pylorus where it is sent to the small intestine to create waste. Food that is not waste is absorbed by the spleen, which spreads it to all parts of the body, keeping the five viscera nourished. The spleen produces Qi and blood by using water and nutrients it absorbs from food. If the spleen is not functioning properly, it is shown in lack of appetite, indigestion, fullness and distension in the epigastrium, loose stools, lassitude, loss of weight and other diseases.The spleen also absorbs and transports water. If the spleen cannot absorb water properly and retains water, it results in edema, dampness, and diarrhea. The spleen absorbs both food and water at the same time, and both functions are connected. For example, an abnormal function of on will lead to an abnormal function of the other.
- Keeping Blood Circulating within the Vessels
The spleen controls all the blood in the body and keeps it circulating normally within the vessels. If there is lack of Qi, the blood will not flow normally. When this happens, it results in blood in the stool, purpura, and uterine bleeding. To treat this, the spleen should be invigorated.
- Having Relationship with the Muscles, Limbs, and Lips
The spleen’s function is to strengthen muscles and limbs by transforming food and distributing it to muscles and limbs. If the spleen is not functioning well, muscles will be thin and will feel weak. One can tell how healthy the spleen is by looking on the lips and mouth. A strong spleen results in good appetite, normal taste, and red lips. A weak spleen results in poor appetite, abnormal taste, and pale lips. An unhealthy spleen can also result in a sticky and sweet taste in the mouth, which can be treated with eupatorium. The qi of the spleen sends nutrients from food upward where it can nourish the lungs and other internal organs. If the qi of the spleen goes downward, it can result in diarrhea. The spleen works better when it is dry instead of damp. When the spleen is damp, it may not be able to transform food and transport nutrients throughout the body.d. The Liver The liver is located in the upper right part of the abdomen. It is connected to the rest of the body through channels in the right and left side of the ribs. The main functions of the liver are smoothing and regulating the flow of vital energy and blood, storing and regulating blood, and having relations with tendons, nails and eyes. Smoothing and Regulating the Flow of Vital Energy and Blood The liver is often compared to wood in TCM, as both trees and the liver tend to “spread out freely”. The liver’s function is to spread qi throughout the body freely. There are three ways in which the liver accomplishes this: regulating mind and mood, promoting digestion and absorption, and keeping qi and blood moving normally. According to TCM, the heart and the liver control mental activities of humans. When the liver is functioning well, it is able to regulate the flow of vital energy and blood, which contributes to mental healthiness, resulting in happiness, relaxation, and sensitivity. But when the liver does not function well, it results in anxiety, sighing, sadness, and belching. When the liver is in very bad health, it may result in dizziness, headache, insomnia, and nightmares during sleep. The liver’s function of regulating the flow of energy in the body aids the spleen in distributing nutrients and water in the body, and therefore, contributes to good digestion. An unhealthy liver can affect the spleen negatively, resulting in poor appetite, belching, vomiting, and diarrhea. The liver’s function of regulating the flow of energy in the body effects the flow of qi. If the liver is not functioning well, the flow of qi is effected negatively, and it may result in pain in the chest or lower abdomen. Qi directly effects the circulation of blood, and so when the liver does not function well, the circulation of blood is obstructed, and it results in pains in the chest and lower abdomen, tumor, abnormal menstruation, dysmenorrhea, and amenorrhea.
- Storing and Regulating Blood
The liver stores and regulates the amount of blood. During sleep, when blood is not needed, most is stored in the liver. But during times of work and labor, the liver’s function is to supply the body with needed blood. The liver can store a lot of blood; it is believed the liver can store 55% of the body’s blood.
- Having Relationship with Tendons, Nails and Eyes
The tendons in the body depend on the liver to aid in distributing nutrients to them. When the tendons are not getting enough blood, it results in numbness in the legs and arms, sluggishness, spasms in tendons, and tremors of the hands and feet. TCM believes nails and tendons get nutrients from the same source, and that nails are connected to the liver. When the liver is healthy, the nails are hard and rosy. But when the liver is unhealthy, the nails are thin, withered, and deformed. TCM also believes the eyes are connected to the liver. An unhealthy liver may result in blurred vision, dry, sore, red, and swollen eyes. The liver is also connected to the lower abdomen and genitals. In treating these, the liver should be nourished.
- The Kidney
The kidney is located on either side of the spinal column. The main functions of the kidney are Storing the Essence of Life, Regulating water metabolism, and controlling and promoting inspiration.
- Storing the Essence of Life
There are two ways in storing the essence of life. The first is known as storing the congenital essence of life. It is given at birth and strengthened through food and nutrition. It can be transformed to Qi, and it is called the Qi of the kidney. The Qi of the kidney contributes to the growth, development, and replacement of the body, for example, the growth of teeth, the development of teeth, and the replacement of teeth. The body grows as the Qi is getting richer and richer. By the time the body reaches puberty, the Qi of the kidney is at its highest. It contributes to the development of sperm in boys and eggs and menstruation in girls. When the body is old, the Qi of the kidney is weaker, making reproductive capabilities weaker. The second type of storing the essence of life is known as the acquired essence of life. It is derived from food essence, in which the spleen and the stomach transform it into acquired essence. It is then transported to the five viscera and six bowels. When there is not enough essence of life for the five viscera and the six bowels, the kidney will supply it with essence of life. Otherwise, the kidney stores the acquired essence of life. So, when any of the five viscera and the six bowels are not functioning correctly, the kidney needs to be nourished.
- Regulating Water Metabolism
The kidney maintains balance of the fluid in the body. Fluid in the body is responsible for transporting nutrients to organs and tissues, and to aid in getting rid of waste. The kidney plays an important part in both functions. The kidney either releases water or retains needed water. When the kidney is functioning well, urination is normal. When it doesn’t function well, the kidney could release too much, causing diseases like polyuria and frequent urination. When the kidney does not release enough, it can lead to oliguria and edema.
- Controlling and Promoting Respiration
The kidney, along with the lungs, can aid in inhaling air. When the kidney is not functioning well, exhaling will occur more than inhaling, which can result in dyspnea and severe panting.
- Determining the Condition of the Bone and Marrow, Having its Manifestation in the Hair of the Head
The essence of life stored by the kidney can aid in making bone marrow. Bone marrow nourishes the bones. When the kidney is functioning well, bones are strong. When the kidney is weak, the bones are weak also. In babies, a weak kidney can result in underdeveloped bones. The kidney also nourishes the teeth. A poor kidney can result in slow-growing, weak teeth, and the loss of teeth. The essence of life can turn into blood, which nourishes the hair. When the kidney is functioning well, the hair is strong and shiny. Withered, balding, or gray hair can be a sign of a weak kidney.
- Having its Specific Openings in the Ears and the Two Yin Urinogenital Orifice and the Anus
A strong sense of hearing is a sign of a strong kidney. A poor kidney can result in a poor urinary bladder, resulting in abnormal urination. Deficiency of the kidney causes the large intestine to not function well, leading to constipation. Deficiency of yang in the kidney causes the spleen to not function correctly, leading to loose stools.

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Delivery and Shipping

Detox Foot Patches Australia delivers Australia wide (Including Tasmania). For overseas delivery we are happy to quote P+P fees, please contact This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

We use Australian Parcel Post Plus with Tracking for all deliveries and aim to process and deliver your parcel within 1-5 working days of receiving your order. A cost for postage is automatically calculated by Australia Post according to your post code and preferred method of shipping. Except when we have Free Shipping offer Active

Express postage is available for an additional charge that will be shown on the checkout page. Express post takes approximately 1-2 working days from the time of despatch anywhere within Australia with the exception of country addresses where Australia Post do not make such guarantees. Usually an extra 1-2 days for remote country addresses. Delivery will be to the delivery address nominated by you between 9am - 5pm Monday to Friday.

A signature may be required on receipt of your parcel. For this reason, a work address is preferred to ensure you receive your order in a timely fashion. Or if no one is at home to receive your parcel, a card will be left advising that it can be collected from the nearest post office.

To track your goods with Australia Post call 13 11 18 and quote the tracking number e-mailed to you on despatch of your goods or track online at http://auspost.com.au/track/.

Delivery fees may be subject to change without notice and will be posted on the website at the time of change.

For how many days can I use this?

You can use one box with 30 sheets for 15 days when attaching it to both feet. (When attaching it to a foot, you can use them for a month.) In general, it is good to attach it to the both feet at the same time for 30 daya to obtain the maximium benefit.

Should I attach it only to the sole of the foot?

Basically, you should attach it to the sole of your foot at least. Besides, if you attach it to other painful parts, it will raise synergism. At first, you should attach it to the entire sole of the foot, so as to find out where the sap sheet absorbs the most waste. Then you should continue to attach the sheet to that part of your foot.

What’s the reason to necessarily attach the sheet to the sole of feet?

As the soles of the feet are connected with all the parts of the body and they are said to be a miniature of the human body, they play a role of a second heart. Humans walk erect, so the body weight concentrates to the sole of feet. Therefore, the sole is where most of the wastes accumulate and for this reason, you should attach the sheet to the sole of feet.

What should we use this, what effect it has and should we attach it only at night?

Before sleeping, attach a sheet to the soles of each feet. It is okay to use it during the day time, but as it absorbs waste the sap sheet becomes slimy, which may cause discomfort. Therefore, it is best to attach it to the sole of the foot shortly before going to sleep at night. Generally, three~four hours after attaching it, it starts absorbing waste. It is basic to attach it for about 5~8 hours, but people can shorten or lengthen the time according to the situation. In general, you use it every day or every other day for the first one or two months, and then it is desirable to use it regularly two or three times a week. It is good to use it whenever you feel pain. At first, attach three sheets to the upper, middle and lower part of the foot. In the morning, you can asess which sheet has absorbed the greatest quantity of waste. The next night, attach the sheet to this part exclusively. Even if waste is not absorbed during one night, if you use the product for another couple of days, you will be able to confirm with your eyes that wastes have been absorbed. Sheets that have not absorbed waste can be reused. After use, don’t forget to wash it clean.

You say that if we attach the Hwalgicheon, wastes come out. What’s the principle?

Bamboo sap or tree sap, or the other materials used for Hwalgicheon are known to have abilities to discharge poisonous matters and purify impurities. These materials absorb body wastes through pores of the sole. You can think treatment through plasters or poultices. It is the same principle as when you get a bruise, the bruise, a kind of waste, comes out of the body after attaching crushed fruits of the gardenia.

Are there any ingredients of the sap sheet which we should be careful of when using it?

None. Among the ingredients of the sap sheets, there is nothing to harm or hinder the activities of human body. You can use this with confidence, because we have used only natural materials known to be good for human body.

Australian Register of Therapeutic Goods ARTG Number (201148) Guaranteed Genuine Detox Foot Patches from a GMP Certified Manufacturer. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.

Forest Aroma Detox Foot Patch Ingredients.

INGREDIENT PERCENT AMOUNT WEIGHT
Bamboo Vinegar Extract 36.75 % 1.825g
Wood Vinegar Extract 36.75 % 1.825g
Tourmaline 3.5 % 0.175g
Vegetable Fiber 5 % 0.25g
Chitin and Chitsan 3.5 % 0.175g
Vitamin C 2 % 0.10g
Dextrin 10.5 % 0.525g
Minus Ion Stone Powder 2 % 0.10g
TOTAL 100 % 5g

Lavender Aroma Detox Foot Patch Ingredients

INGREDIENT PERCENT AMOUNT WEIGHT
Wood Vinegar Extract 35 % 1.75g
Bamboo Vinegar Extract 35 % 1.75g
Tourmaline 3.5 % 0.175g
Vegetable Fiber 5 % 0.25g
Chitin and Chitsan 3.5 % 0.175g
Vitamin C 2 % 0.10g
Lavender 3.5 % 0.10g
Dextrin 10.5 % 0.525g
Minus Ion Stone Powder 2 % 0.10g
TOTAL 100 % 5g